Warning: members of the public are being contacted by people claiming to work for AXA Investment Managers UK Limited.  Find out more information and what to do by clicking here.

Tackling three main drivers of biodiversity loss with listed equities

  • 22 June 2023 (5 min read)

Global human population is increasing rapidly. This is in turn driving greater biodiversity loss, as more species are lost due to increased human resource and habitation requirements.


The size and breadth of biodiversity loss must be halted and addressed now, and on a sufficient scale to achieve the targets arising from the COP15 biodiversity agreement2. This scalability can be achieved through investing in listed equity companies. 

There is no net zero without nature


The agriculture sector is to biodiversity what the energy sector is to climate change – namely, its biggest challenge. 

Efficient and precise production is becoming a top priority as well as reducing food waste to achieve a more sustainable agriculture system, allowing farmers to use less scarce land and water resources as well as reducing pollution from chemical fertilisers and pesticides.


80% of deforestation is linked to agriculture3


1/3 of the food produced is wasted


Changing human food consumption is key


 This massive land use only fulfils 17% of calories needed globallyand only provides 33% of global protein4

Fresh Water scarcity


Most of the water on Earth is saltwater,  with freshwater making up just 3%5

15% of our water supply is lost every year6

70% of all fresh water is used by agriculture7


Innovative technology such as smart metering and analytics help increase the efficiency of water systems by identifying leaks and reducing water loss.

By 2050 there could be more plastic than fish in the sea8

Fossil-fuel derived plastic dominates the packaging market. Manufacturers are working on the superior circularity features of aluminium and glass.


Consumer behaviour is changing to lessen environmental impact 

Digital peer-to-peer platforms promote pre-owned goods, can reduce waste, and promote more sustainable consumption


in pulp- and paper-based products as well as bio-based plastics are also emerging as credible alternatives.9

As we move to a net-zero economy, recycling of scarce resources will need to increase to meet demand as well as reduce the impact on the environment




  • (1) WWF Living Planet Report 2022. For illustrative purposes only
  • (2) https://www.unep.org/news-and-stories/story/cop15-ends-landmark-biodiversity-agreement
  • (3) Citi GPS, Food and Climate Change, 2022
  • (4) Ibid.
  • (5) BofAM, The World Is Not Enough - Scarcity Primer, 2022
  • (6) Ibid.
  • (7) WWF, 2022
  • (8) BofAM, The World Is Not Enough - Scarcity Primer, 2022
  • (9) https://www.circularonline.co.uk/news/62-of-businesses-to-invest-more-in-sustainable-packaging-materials/
  • (10) BofAM, IEA, Growth of selected minerals in 2040 vs 2020 in «Sustainable Development Scenario».
Download the full infographic
Download infographic (9.23 MB)
ACT range

Investing in Biodiversity

Invest in preserving life on land, water and air.

Find out more

Have our latest insights delivered straight to your inbox

Subscribe to updates.

Related Articles


Meet The Managers - Q&A with Chris Eccles and Catherine Tennyson

  • by Chris Eccles, Catherine Tennyson
  • 08 April 2024 (5 min read)

UK equity: The not-so poor relation


Investing in tech for sustainability

  • by Ashley Keet
  • 27 March 2024 (5 min read)


    This document is for informational purposes only and does not constitute investment research or financial analysis relating to transactions in financial instruments as per MIF Directive (2014/65/EU), nor does it constitute on the part of AXA Investment Managers or its affiliated companies an offer to buy or sell any investments, products or services, and should not be considered as solicitation or investment, legal or tax advice, a recommendation for an investment strategy or a personalized recommendation to buy or sell securities.

    Due to its simplification, this document is partial and opinions, estimates and forecasts herein are subjective and subject to change without notice. There is no guarantee forecasts made will come to pass. Data, figures, declarations, analysis, predictions and other information in this document is provided based on our state of knowledge at the time of creation of this document. Whilst every care is taken, no representation or warranty (including liability towards third parties), express or implied, is made as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of the information contained herein. Reliance upon information in this material is at the sole discretion of the recipient. This material does not contain sufficient information to support an investment decision.

    Issued in the U.K. by AXA Investment Managers UK Limited, which is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority in the U.K. Registered in England and Wales, No: 01431068. Registered Office: 22 Bishopsgate, London, EC2N 4BQ

    In other jurisdictions, this document is issued by AXA Investment Managers SA’s affiliates in those countries.

    Risk Warning

    The value of investments, and the income from them, can fall as well as rise and investors may not get back the amount originally invested. 

    Are you an IFA or other Professional Investor ?

    Are you a financial advisor, institutional, or other professional investor?

    This section is for professional investors only. You need to confirm that you have the required investment knowledge and experience to view this content. This includes understanding the risks associated with investment products, and any other required qualifications according to the rules of your jurisdiction.