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Investment Institute

Carbon Capture and Storage: Hiding dirt under the rug or a real clean up?

  • 21 March 2022 (10 min read)

  • Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) consists of retrieving carbon dioxide (CO₂) from industrial exhaust fumes, transporting it and storing it underground
  • Although there are mature, or quickly maturing, capture technologies, transport and storage ecosystems have yet to be developed in most places
  • The economic equation of CCS is improving but remains challenging. Putting a price on carbon is a necessity for CCS to really take off
  • We believe the scale of CCS development envisaged in several net zero scenarios set out by major institutions is not yet credible
  • CCS is both a structural and a temporary solution for the energy transition: It is a critical technology for unabatable process emissions – for instance in the cement industry – and a transition technology while industrial processes and energy consumption patterns evolve
  • Social acceptance of storage sites – especially onshore – and risk perceptions could be significant roadblocks
  • The priority is first to reduce and avoid emissions. CCS has a role as a mitigation tool in some cases, and should not be used as an excuse to avoid emissions reduction
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